Call for Papers:

Special Issue of Justice System Journal on “Gender, Race & the Courts”

Justice System Journal will publish a special issue devoted to the topic of “Gender, Race & the Courts.” This special issue will be guest edited by Dr. Rebecca Gill and Dr. Allison Harris.

With the advent of the #MeToo and Black Lives Matter movements, a crucial question concerns how the courts address issues related to race and gender, as well as how race and gender influences individuals’ interactions with the judicial system, from those who experience harms, to those who choose to file cases, to those who represent various plaintiffs and defendants, to those who ultimately decide the cases.

Possible topics for manuscripts include, but are not limited to: how the gender and/or race of litigants influences their interactions with the judicial system (including with respect to identifying harms, pursuing litigation, and case outcomes); how the gender and/or race of lawyers influences their interactions with the judicial system; how the gender and/or race of judges influences case outcomes, collegial interactions, political ambition, and other areas; and how gender and/or race may influence judicial elections and judicial ambition from the vantage point of both voters and candidates.

Submissions on any topic concerning gender, race and the courts or law will be considered. Articles intended for consideration for inclusion in this issue should be submitted by October 15, 2019, via the journal’s online submission process at https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/ujsj.

Questions about potential submissions should be directed to Rebecca Gill (rebecca.gill@unlv.edu) and/or Allison Harris (allison.p.harris@gmail.com).

New Paper: Update: Chivalry, Masculinity, and the Importance of Maleness to Judicial Decision Making

Social science research on gender in the legal system has largely focused on the woman as the “other.” This research has looked for ways in which women judge or are judged differently from the norm. The results of this line of research have been mixed. Male-centered theories of masculinity and chivalry provide promising tools to help researchers understand the contribution that maleness has on outcomes in the legal system. Immigration appeals provide an ideal test of these theories, which predict that male judges will be harder on male immigrants and easier on female litigants than will female judges. In this paper, we implement a research design that takes seriously both female-centric and male-centric explanations of decision outcomes. Using an original database of immigration appeals in the U.S. Courts of Appeal, we find evidence to support the research of maleness on its own terms. We find that elements of chivalry and masculinity theory both operate to frame the decisions made …
New PDF Uploaded

via SSRN Author: Rebecca D Gill http://bit.ly/1dyedPF

UNLV Research Files

Here’s Dr. Gill on unlvTV’s Research Files (9/25/2015). In her segment, she talks about her NSF-sponsored research on judicial performance evaluation as well as gender equity on UNLV’s campus.

 

New Paper: New: Chivalry, Masculinity, and the Importance of Maleness to Judicial Decision Making

Social science research on gender in the legal system has largely focused on the woman as the “other.” This research has looked for ways in which women judge or are judged differently from the norm. The results of this line of research have been mixed. Male-centered theories of masculinity and chivalry provide promising tools to help researchers understand the contribution that maleness has on outcomes in the legal system. Immigration appeals provide an ideal test of these theories, which predict that male judges will be harder on male immigrants and easier on female litigants than will female judges. In this paper, we implement a research design that takes seriously both female-centric and male-centric explanations of decision outcomes. Using an original database of immigration appeals in the U.S. Courts of Appeal, we find evidence to support the research of maleness on its own terms. We find that elements of chivalry and masculinity theory both operate to frame the decisions made …

via SSRN Author: Rebecca D Gill http://bit.ly/1dyedPF

Voter Information for 2014 Clark County Judicial Primary

Of late, there has been a barely audible clamoring for information about the judicial candidates in Clark County’s 2014 primary races. I’ve taken it upon myself to compile some information that voters may find useful in making comparisons among the candidates. These data are gathered from a number of sources, including Martindale, the Las Vegas Review-Journal’s Voter Guide, the websites of political groups in Clark County (especially here and here), and the data I have compiled for my own research (see my LVRJ op-ed and this plain English supplement).

Before I continue, I’d like to include a few caveats. I do not intend to suggest that

  1. all of the information presented here is (or should be) relevant to any particular voter’s decision, nor that
  2. there is no additional information that would be relevant to that decision.

I’ve included the judge’s partisan affiliation, as reported by some of the sources listed above. I have also included their Nevada Bar admission year, their educational history, and links to their responses to the prompts sent by the LVRJ for the Voter Guide. This is information that voters may or may not find helpful in making their decisions.

For incumbent (or formerly incumbent) judges, I’ve also included the overall retention percentages (i.e., the percentage of attorneys recommending the judge’s retention) from the LVRJ‘s “Judging the Judges” surveys. Of course, I have made clear in my previous work that I don’t trust these surveys to be without serious problems (for a summary see Judging the Judges’ Tilts Against Women; see also Implicit Gender Bias in Judicial Performance Evaluations and Are Judicial Performance Evaluations Fair to Women and Minorities? A Cautionary Tale from Clark County, Nevada). For a shortcut, I recommend adding about 10-12 points to the scores of female judges and about 15-18 to the scores of minority judges to counteract the effects of bias in the surveys.

I have not included links to information about additional media coverage of the candidates. Neither have I included direct links to campaign websites (where voters may be able to glean endorsements and additional resume and biographical information), but the links to the LVRJ Voter Guide pages provide this information.

 

District Court Department 2
Phung Jefferson (D) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • University of Nevada, B.S.
  • Western State University, J.D.

2001

 

Law Office of Phung H. Jefferson, Esq.

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/phung-jefferson

 

NA

Richard Scotti (R) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • University of Southern California, A.B.
  • Hastings College of Law, J.D.

1988

 

Partner, Kemp, Jones & Couthard

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/richard-scotti [no answer]

 

NA

William S. “Bill” Skupa (D) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • University of Nevada Las Vegas, B. S.
  • University of California at Los Angeles, J.D.

1970

 

Law Offices of William S. Skupa

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/william-s-skupa

 

NA

 John G. Watkins (D) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • University of Missouri, B.A.
  • St. Louis University, J.D.

1980

 

?

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/john-g-watkins

 

NA

 

District Court Department 22
Bruce L. Gale (D) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • University of Texas at Austin, B.B.A.
  • University of San Diego, J.D.

1988

 

Bruce L. Gale, Attorney at Law

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/bruce-l-gale [no answer]

 

NA

Jacob Hafter (R) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • George Washington University, B.S.
  • Case Western Reserve University, J.D.

2001

 

Law Offices of Jacob Hafter & Associates

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/jacob-hafter

 

NA

Susan Johnson (R) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • University of Nevada, B.S.
  • McGeorge School of Law, J.D.

1985

 

District Judge (Incumbent)

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/susan-johnson [no answer]

 

2008    60

2010    82

2012    78

2014    71

 

District Court Department 24
Anthony Ashby (R) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • University of Nevada, B.A.
  • Whittier College School of Law, J.D.

1993

 

?

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/anthony-ashby

 

NA

Jim Crockett (D) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • Loyola University, B.A.
  • McGeorge School of Law, J.D.

1974

 

Senior Partner, Law Office of Crockett & Myers

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/jim-crockett

 

NA

Joe Hardy, Jr. (R) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • Brigham Young University, B.A.
  • Brigham Young University, J.D.

2000

 

Co-Managing Partner, Gordon & Rees

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/joe-hardy-0

 

NA

Tony Liker (D) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • ?
  • University of Oregon, J.D.

1992

 

Law Office of Tony Liker

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/tony-liker [no answer]

 

NA

District Court Department 28
Susan Bush (D) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • University of Nevada Las Vegas, B.A.
  • University of Nevada Las Vegas, J.D.

2002

 

Founding Partner, Bush & Levy

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/susan-bush

 

NA

Ron Israel (D) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • University of California, B.A.
  • University of San Diego, J.D.

1980

 

District Judge (Incumbent)

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/ron-israel [no answer]

 

2012        59

2014        61

Robert Pool (D) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • University of Nevada, B.A.
  • University of San Diego, J.D.

1992

 

Robert B. Pool

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/robert-pool [no answer]

 

NA

 

 

 

 

District Court, Family Division, Department B
Ellen J. Bezian (R) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • ?
  • Thomas M. Cooley Law School, J.D.

1997

 

Law Office of Ellen J. Bezian

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/ellen-j-bezian [no answer]

 

NA

Kristine Brewer (R) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • ?
  • Thomas Jefferson School of Law, J.D.

2004

 

Brewer Blau Law Group

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/kristine-brewer [no answer]

 

NA

Jane D. Femiano (D) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • University of Maryland, B.S.
  • University of Maryland, J.D.

1989

 

Clark County Family Court (hearing master)

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/jane-d-femiano

 

NA

Thomas G. “Tom” Kurtz (R) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • Rochester Institute of Technology, B.S.
  • State University of New York at Binghamton, J.D.

1983

 

Clark County Family Court (hearing master)

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/thomas-g-kurtz

 

NA

Linda Marquis (D) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • University of Middle Tennessee, B.S.
  • University of Nevada Las Vegas, J.D.

2003

 

Associate, William B. Terry, Justice of the Peace Pro Tem

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/linda-marquis

 

NA

Joseph A. Scalia, II (R) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • University of Maryland, B.A.
  • University of Baltimore, J.D.

1992

 

Law Office of Joseph A. Scalia

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/joseph-scalia

 

NA

Shann D. Winesett (R) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • University of Nevada, B.A.
  • Loyola Law School, J.D.

1993

 

Pecos Law Group

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/shann-d-winesett [no answer]

 

NA

Heather Bailey Zana (D) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • Arizona State University, B.A.
  • University of Nevada Las Vegas, J.D.

2003

 

?

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/heather-bailey-zana [no answer]

 

NA

 

 

District Court, Family Division, Department C
Rebecca Burton (D) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • University of Wisconsin-River Falls, B.F.A.
  • University of California, Hastings, J.D.

1992

 

RL Burton Law

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/rebecca-burton

 

NA

John Hall “Jack” Howard, Jr. (D) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • Occidental College, B.A.
  • California Western School of Law, J.D.

1974

 

John H. Howard Jr.

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/john-hall-howard

 

NA

Lynn Hughes (R) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • University of Nevada, B.A.
  • Indiana University School of Law, J.D.

1997

 

Hughes Law Office

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/lynn-hughes

 

NA

Marsha Kimble-Simms (D) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • University of Michigan, B.A.
  • University of Detroit Mercy, J.D.

1991

 

Simms Law Firm

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/marsha-kimble-simms [no answer]

 

NA

Michele “Shell” Mercer (R) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • University of Texas at Austin, B.S.
  • St. Mary’s University of San Antonio, J.D.

1998

 

Law Office of Shell Mercer

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/michele-mercer [no answer]

 

NA

District Court, Family Division, Department J
Rena G. Hughes (R) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • East Central Oklahoma State University, B.S.
  • University of Oklahoma, J.D.

1988

 

The Dickerson Law Group

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/rena-g-hughes [no answer]

 

NA

Romeo R. Perez (D) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • University of Texas at Austin, B.A.
  • Texas Southern University, J.D.

1998

 

Law Office of Romeo R. Perez

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/romeo-r-perez

 

NA

Kenneth E. Pollock (R) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • University of California, B.A.
  • University of San Diego, J.D.

1991

 

Family Court Judge (Incumbent)

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/kenneth-e-pollock

 

2010    47

2012    46

2014    40

District Court, Family Division, Department L
Jennifer L. Elliott (R) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  •  ?
  • McGeorge School of Law, J.D.

1986

 

Family Court Judge (Incumbent)

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/jennifer-l-elliott

 

2004    71

2006    74

2008    73

2010    70

2012    59

2014    61

Paul “Mitch” Gaudet (R) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • Southeastern Louisiana College, B.S.
  • Louisiana State University, J.D.

1992

 

?

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/paul-gaudet

 

NA

Mary Perry (R) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • University of Nevada, B.A.
  • University of Nevada Las Vegas, J.D.

2001

 

Law Office of Mary D. Perry

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/mary-perry

 

NA

District Court, Family Division, Department P
David R. Ford (D) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • San Diego State University, B.S.
  • California Western School of Law, J.D.

1981

 

David R. Ford, Attorney at Law

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/david-r-ford

 

NA

Nathan Gibbs (R) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • Brigham Young University, B.S.
  • Brigham Young University, J.D.

1996

 

R. Nathan Gibbs, Ltd.

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/nathan-gibbs

 

NA

Sandra L. Pomrenze (R) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • University of Illinois, B.A.
  • John Marshall Law School, J.D.

1977

 

Family Court Judge (Incumbent)

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/sandra-l-pomrenze

 

2006    63

2008    62

2010    56

2012    54

2014    47

District Court, Family Division, Department T
Lisa M. Brown (D) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • St. Joseph’s University, B.A.
  • Villanova University, J.D.

1989

 

Lisa M. Kent, P.C.

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/lisa-m-brown [no answer to questions]

 

2002              64

2004              44

2006              29

2008              36

Maria Maskall (R) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • University of British Columbia, B.A.
  • California Western School of Law, J.D.

1991

 

?

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/maria-maskall

 

NA

Gayle Nathan (D) Education:Admitted to NV Bar:

 

Current Position:

 

LVRJ Guide Answers:

 

Judging the Judges:

  • State University of New York at Binghamton, B.A.
  • Touro Las Center, J.D.

1988

 

Family Court Judge (Incumbent)

 

http://www.reviewjournal.com/voting-guide/candidates/gayle-nathan

 

2012            59

2014            48

If you notice an error or omission, please post in the comments (along with your source) and I’ll revise as needed.

My best to you, dear voters!

New Paper: New: Buying Time? False Assumptions About Abusive Appeals

The federal government has expressed fear that immigrants abuse the appellate process to delay their deportations by filing meritless petitions for review with the federal courts. Some courts have responded to these concerns by imposing stricter standards for issuing stays of removal, so that the government can more easily deport petitioners even while their appeals remain pending. The risk with this approach is that immigrants who ultimately prevail may be erroneously deported. What is often overlooked is that the potential for abuse is really a function of time, with longer appeals posing a greater threat to immigration enforcement. This study presents new empirical evidence showing that most circuit courts actually decide immigration appeals faster than previously assumed. Moreover, in many circuits the appeals most likely to be frivolous are resolved especially quickly. These results undermine the concerns that lead the government to oppose stays of removal and illustrate the …

via SSRN Author: Rebecca Gill http://ift.tt/MqXy2r

New Paper: New: Justice on the Fly: The Danger of Errant Deportations

The government may deport an immigrant appealing a deportation order in federal court even before the court rules on the case, unless the court issues a stay of removal. In its 2009 decision in Nken v. Holder, the Supreme Court clarified that the legal standard for stays of removal is the same test courts use for preliminary injunctions. Yet Justice Kennedy expressed frustration that the Court had little data to inform its decision. The Court will likely need to revisit this issue, as doubts cloud the meaning of Nken’s main holdings, in part because the government misled the Court. This Article responds to Justice Kennedy’s request for data and sheds light on the doctrinal controversies surrounding stays by presenting groundbreaking empirical analysis of 1646 cases in all the circuits that hear immigration appeals. It offers a singular window into an arena of adjudication where decisions are rarely articulated in writing. Among our most important findings, the circuit courts denied …

via SSRN Author: Rebecca Gill http://ift.tt/MqXxM6

New Paper: New: Implicit Gender Bias in State-Sponsored Judicial Performance Evaluations: A Preliminary Analysis of

The Colorado system of judicial performance evaluations is the Cadillac of JPEs; they spend more money on their system than other states, and their system has been designed by experts. Even still, disparities in the scores of female and male judges persist. These disparities cannot be explained away using objective measures of judicial performance. The gap appears in the attorney survey stage. The commission’s recommendations are based largely on the recommendations from these problematic attorn

via SSRN Author: Rebecca Gill http://www.ssrn.com/abstract=2270376